Pharmaceutical Latin: Carapax Eretmochelydis
Common English: Hawksbill Turtle Shell
Tortoise Shell
Substances that Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors: Obsolete Substances
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Decoction: 3-15g
Pills or powders: 3-7g
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Sedates the Heart, quiets the Spirit, calms the Liver, extinguishes Wind, settles convulsions, stops spasms, clears Heat and resolves toxicity

High fevers, impaired consciousness, incoherent speech, mania, infantile convulsions, twitching, delirium and collapse from Warm pathogen diseases, Liver Yang Rising, or Phlegm-Heat Obstructing the Orifices


Calms and anchors Liver Yang

Dizziness from Liver Yang Rising

Recently used for hypertension from Liver Yang Rising or Liver Fire

  • Use caution in those with Yang or Qi Deficiency.
  • Use caution in those with a weak Spleen and Stomach.

Cornu Bubali
Shui Niu Jiao
Calculus Bovis
Niu Huang

Rx. Curcumae
Yu Jin
Fr. Gardeniae
Zhi Zi
Fr. Forsythiae
Lian Qiao

Sm. Sinapis
Bai Jie Zi
Xiong Huang
She Xiang

Fever, irritability, restlessness and impaired consciousness to the point of coma from pathogenic Heat.

Heat pathogen attacking the Pericardium with impaired consciousness, wild talk, hallucinations, irritability and restlessness.

Aphasic strokes.

Cornu Saigae Tataricae
Ling Yang Jiao
Ram. cum Uncis Uncariae
Gou Teng
Di Long

Concha Haliotidis
Shi Jue Ming
Carapax Testudinis
Gui Jia
Rx. Achyranthis Bidentatae
Niu Xi

Cornu Bubali
Shui Niu Jiao

Stroke or seizures from Liver Yang rising Generating Wind.

Dizziness from Liver Yang Rising.

An enhanced ability to clear Heat, cool the Blood, resolve toxicity and sedate convulsions, to treat Warm pathogen diseases entering the Ying and Xue levels with mania and convulsions.

Treats pox toxins and sedates the Spirit.

  1. This herb also treats carbuncles.
  2. Both Dai Mao and Cornu Bubali Shui Niu Jiao enter the Heart and Liver channels, cool Heat, resolve toxicity, sedate convulsions and alleviate spasms. Dai Mao is sweet, salty and cold, more strongly extinguishes Wind and sedates the Liver and convulsions. Shui Niu Jiao is bitter, primarily cools Heat at the Blood level to clear Heart Heat, cool the Blood and disperse Stagnation.
  3. Both Dai Mao and Cornu Saigae Tataricae Ling Yang Jiao calm the Liver, extinguish Wind, clear Heat, resolve toxicity and treat Wind from extreme Heat with spasms, convulsions and seizures. Both can also be used to treat maculae, and rashes associated with febrile disease. Ling Yang Jiao focuses on the Liver channel with a strong ability to extinguish Wind and can also be used to clear the eyes. Dai Mao focuses on the Heart channel, opens the orifices, and calms the Spirit while also settling jitteriness and anxiety and improving impaired consciousness. It also nourishes the Liver and Kidneys to anchor the Yang.