Pharmaceutical Latin: Folium Apocyni Veneti
Common English: Dogbane Leaf
Substances that Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Calms Liver Yang, clears Liver Fire and extinguishes Wind

Liver Yang Rising or Liver Fire with dizziness, headaches, vertigo, irritability, restlessness and insomnia


Clears Heat and facilitates urination

Edema and urinary difficulty with Heat

Nourishes the Heart and Calms the Shen

Insomnia, palpitations, generalized nervous conditions

Post-concussion syndrome

Enhances Health in the middle-aged and elderly


  • Avoid long-term use and over dosage to avoid toxicity.
  • Do not use the leaves together with the roots.
  • Contraindicated during pregnancy.

Concha Ostreae
Mu Li
Concha Haliotidis

Jue Ming Zi
Dai Zhe Shi

Ram. cum Uncis Uncariae
Gou Teng
Spica Prunellae
Xia Ku Cao
Flos Chrysanthemi Indici
Ye Ju Hua

Sm. Plantaginis
Che Qian Zi
Zhu Ling
Rz. Alismatis
Ze Xie

Dizziness and vertigo from ascendant Liver Yang.

Dizziness and vertigo from Liver Fire.


Edema with reduced urination.

  1. This herb can be used as a stand-alone herb in decoction or infusion.
  2. It has a strong effect on edema and urinary difficulty with Heat and can be used as a stand-alone herb for this purpose.
  3. Ingestion of the leaves can cause vomiting, diarrhea, epigastric discomfort, dry mouth, abdominal tension, weakness, wheezing or pain over the Liver.
  4. Long-term use can lead to hypokalemia.
  5. Both Luo Bu Ma Ye and Rz. Gastrodiae Tian Ma calm the Liver. Tian Ma is sweet and neutral, extinguishes Wind and stops spasms. It also dispels Wind and unblocks the collaterals to stop pain and treat Wind-Damp Bi and numbness in the limbs. Luo Bu Ma Ye is sweet, bitter and cool, calms the Liver and lowers blood pressure, while clearing Heat and facilitating urination. It i9s used for hypertension and Damp-Heat with urinary difficulty.
  6. One source says that this herb relieves coughs and reduces the severity of asthmatic attacks: for coughs, fever, and Wind-Heat-type colds, it is taken as a tea or a decoction.