- Sjogren's syndrome is a disorder of the immune system identified by its two most common symptoms — dry eyes and a dry mouth.
The condition often accompanies other immune system disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. In Sjogren's syndrome, the mucous membranes and moisture-secreting glands of the eyes and mouth are usually affected first — resulting in decreased tears and saliva.
Although Sjogren's syndrome develop at any age, most people are older than 40 at the time of diagnosis. The condition is much more common in women. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms.
The two main symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome are:
- Dry eyes. The eyes might burn, itch or feel gritty — as if there's sand in them.
- Dry mouth. The mouth might feel like it's full of cotton, making it difficult to swallow or speak.
Some people with Sjogren's syndrome also have one or more of the following: